Saturday, June 4, 2011

CTET Child development and Pedagogy MCQs

1. A major strength of ecological theory is its framework for explaining
(a) Environmental influences on development.
(b) Biological influences on development.
(c) Cognitive development.
(d) Affective processes in development.

2. All of the following advanced principles of child development that are closely allied to the stimulus response learning theory, except
(a) Pavilov
(b) J B Waston
(c) Hull
(d) Gesell

3. The process whereby the genetic factors limit an individual's responsiveness to the
environment is known as
(a) Canalization.
(b) Discontinuity.
(c) Differentiation.
(d) Range of reaction.

4. In order to develop the spirit of labour in students
(a) The teacher himself should indulge in labour
(b) The teacher should deliver lectures on the importance of labour
(c) Students should be given opportunities to do labour from time to time
(d) Students should be given examples of laboring people

5. A child has been admitted to your school who belongs to a back ward family/background from the cultural viewpoint. You will
(a) Keep him in a class in which, there are many more students of backward
background from the cultural viewpoint
(b) Send a teacher to know more about the backward cultural background of the child
(c) Keep him in a normal class but will make special arrangements for teaching him, keeping his special needs in view
(d) Advise him to take up vocational education

6. All of the following can be signs that a child is gifted, except
(a) Early development of a sense of time
(b) Interest in encyclopaedias and dictionaries
(c) Uneasy relationships with peers.
(d) Easy retention of facts

7. If heredity is an important determinant of a specific behaviour, what prediction can we make about expression of the behaviour in identical twins reared apart compared to its expression in fraternal twins reared apart?
(a) Fraternal twins will express the behaviour more similarly than identical twins.
(b) There will be little similarity in the expression of the behaviour in either set of twins.
(c) Identical twins will express the behaviour more similarly than fraternal twins.
(d) The behaviour will be expressed as similarly by identical twins as it is by fraternal twins.

8. Frobel’s most important contribution to education was his development of the
(a) Vocational school
(b) Public high school
(c) Kindergarten
(d) Latin School

9. Of the following, the main purpose of state certification of teachers is to
(a) Monitor the quality of teacher training institutions
(b) Provide for a uniform standard of entry-level teacher competency throughout the state
(c) Exclude from the profession those not trained in pedagogy
(d) Exclude from the profession those who are mentally unhealthy

10. The key difference between evolutionary and cultural change is that evolutionary change alters __________ whereas cultural change alters ____________.
(a) Reproduction; environment
(b) Heredity; environment
(c) Environment; behavior
(d) Development; learning

11.  The current view of childhood assumes that
 (a)  Children are similar to adults in most ways.
 (b)  Children are best treated as young adults.
 (c)   Childhood is basically a "waiting period."
 (d)  Childhood is a unique period of growth and change.

12.  In preparing a fifth grade class to take a standardized reading test the teacher is best advised to:
 (a)  Tell the children the test is very important and they should do the best they can
 (b)  Ditto key questions from a previous test and allow the pupils to answer them
 (c)  Coach the below grade level readers, as the rest of the class will do well anyway
 (d)  Give the pupils practice in answering questions similar to the type that will appear on the test

13. A normal child of twelve years of age is most likely to
 (a) Have difficulty with gross motor coordination
 (b) Have feelings of anxiety about pleasing adults
 (c) Confine his/her interests to here and now
 (d) Be eager for peer approval

14.  Creative writing should be an activity planned for
 (a) Only those children reading on grade level
 (b) Only those children who can spell and also, can write cohesive sentences
 (c) Only those children who want to write for the newspaper of the class
 (d) All children

15.  Of the following, the most promising step for a teacher to take in order to improve class discipline is to
 (a) Note specific infractions of class rules in the marking book
 (b) Evaluate his/her materials, methods and approaches to children 
 (c) Consult the class and agree upon a graduated series of punishments
 (d) Call a parent – teacher meeting to discuss the situation

16.   The question "Will the shy child who never speaks turn into a quiet, shy adult or wilL the child become a sociable, talkative person?" is concerned with which developmental issue?
 (a) Maturation
 (b) Continuity and discontinuity                       
 (c) Cultural universals versus cultural relativism
 (d) Nature and nurture

17.  A child from a disorganized home will experience the greatest difficulty with:
 (a)  Well structured lessons
(b)  Independent study
(c)  Programmed instruction
(d)  Workbooks

18.   Most psychologists believe that development is due
 (a)  Largely to nature.
 (b)  Largely to nurture.
 (c)  To nature and nurture acting separately.
 (d)  To an interaction of nature and nurture.

19.  The normal twelve –year –old child is most likely to:
 (a)  Have difficulty with gross motor coordination
(b)  Have anxiety feelings about pleasing adults
(c)  Confine his/her interests to the here and now
(d)  Be eager for peer approval

20. The reason why students run from school is
 (a) Lack of interesting class teaching work
 (b) Lack of interest in studies on the part of students
 (c) Not giving punishment to students
 (d) Callous attitude of teachers towards the problem

21. You find a student to be intelligent. You will
 (a)  Remain pleased with him
 (b) Not give him additional homework
 (c) Motivate him so that he can make more progress
 (d) Inform his parents about the fact that he is intelligent

22. If some students are not in a mood to study in the class, you will
 (a) Force them to study
 (b) Tell those students to leave the class and enjoy
 (c) Warn them that they must study else you will report the matter to the Principal
 (d) Tell them some interesting things related to their interests or your own subject

23.  Child development is defined as a field of study that
 (a)  Examines change in human abilities.
 (b)  Seeks to explain behaviour across the life span.
 (c)   Compares children to adults to senior citizens.
 (d)  Accounts for the gradual evolution of the child's cognitive, social, and other capacities.

24.  The term ‘identical elements’ is closely associated with:
 (a)  Group instruction
(b) Transfer of learning
 (c)  Jealousy between twins
(d)  Similar test questions

25.  Organismic theories of development hold that
 (a)  Psychological structures and processes within the child help determine his/her development.
 (b)  Physical structures and processes within the  child help determine his/her development.
 (c)  Passively developed structures and processes  within the child help determine his/her development.
 (d)  Slowly developed structures and processes within the child help determine his/her development.

26.   A Person believes that nurture strongly influences the development of his child. He
would not agree with the importance of:
 (a)  Genetic factors.   (b)  Exposure to peers.
 (c)  The types of toys at home.
(d)  The warmth displayed by the parents. 
27. If student is too shy to participate in the class, you will
 (a) Not ask questions from him
 (b) Ask only those questions from him whose answers can be given by him
 (c) Not ask those questions from him whose answers are beyond his means and due to which, he may become objects of ridicule in the class
 (d) Ask questions from him only when he is keen to answer them

28. How will you bring a hyperactive child on the right path?
 (a) Make him sit in front of the class and keep a strict vigil on him
 (b) Allocate a seat for him in a corner of the class
 (c) Give him tasks of watering trees, cleaning the blackboard, making toys of clay etc.
 (d)  None of above

29. Knowledge of child psychology is a must for a primary teacher. That is because
 (a) It helps in making children disciplined
 (b) The examination result is improved
 (c) It becomes a convenient mode for motivating children
 (d) It helps the teacher in understanding the behavior of children

30.  The current movement of behavior modification, wherein tokens are awarded for
correct responses, is a reflection of:
 (a)  Herbart’s Five Steps
(b)  Lock’s Tabula rasa
(c)  Thorndike’s Law of Effect
(d)  Thorndike’s Law of Exercise


1. (a)             2. (d)          3. (d)          4. (c)          5. (c)          6. (c)         7. (c)        8. (c)   9. (b)            10. (b)       11.  (d)       12.  (d)    13.   (d)      14.  (d)      15.   (b)   16.   (d)        17.  (b)      18.   (d)         19.  (d)     20.   (d)      21.   (c)     22.   (d)   23.     (d)   24.  (b)     25.  (a)       26.   (a)         27.  (d)         28.  (c)      29.  (d)   30.  (c)

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“Current Affairs” and “General Knowledge” cover many topics like from economy to sports or education to politics, or even technology to automobiles. In every second some issues are happening around the world in these sectors, and to accumulate the excerpt of some highlighted news, and memorize it is a good plan to prepare current affairs and GK.

Some Important Tips to Follow:

Read Newspapers regularly

We all know that “Old is Gold”, same thing applies here too. We need to make a habit of reading newspapers regularly. I’ll suggest you to read more than one newspaper. It will be better if you read one newspaper of your mother language, and other of English. Some useful newspapers are “The Times of India”, “The Hindu”, “The Telegraph” etc. You need to start this habit at least 6 months before the actual exam that will help you to get access to all the important events of that period of time.

You need to keep an eye on what’s happening around you in your country and world as well. Trust me guys, you will surely find it interesting after several days. We all know that staying updated is always a good idea, as it will stand you apart from the rest.

Read Magazines thoroughly

This is another great option to prepare the subject we are talking about. There are many leading magazines that focus on current affairs and General Knowledge. You need to buy it from your local magazine seller, and start reading it thoroughly. These magazines beautifully categorize the articles with its genres to make it interesting to read on. Some of the useful magazines are Pratiyogita Darpan andManorma.

Try to read some business magazines and sports magazines too along with a general magazine. This will increase your chances of cracking the competitive exams with ease. Some useful business magazines areBusiness Today, Business Line etc.

Follow News Channels

You will need to follow news channels at least once a day. Now most of the leading news channels are active for 24*7. You need to pick up a suitable time for yourself to watch any favorite news channel of yours. You can watch ABP News, NDTV, Times Now, ET Now, Zee News etc. Try to go through all the breaking and highlighted news, and make it a habit.

I know that watching news channels for long will bore you, so I’ll suggest you to allocate only 30 minutes for it in a whole day. All the leading ones shows the glimpses of all important events of the day quite frequently, so 30 minutes will be enough for you to boost up your current affairs and GK knowledge.

Maintain a Diary

My teacher used to tell me that whenever you learn something try to write it down in your diary, as it will help you to memorize it in a better manner. He is so right, as this method helped me a lot to score good marks in every exam that I appeared for. As I already mentioned before that a lot of events are occurring in the country and around the world, so it is easily understandable that it is not easy to remember everything. It’s always a superb idea to maintain a diary of current events.

You need to update this diary on a daily basis with all the events that you consider as important ones. This diary will become quite useful for the revision part, as it will provide you information about all the important events at a place. You should keep revising the diary frequently, as it will help you to memorize important names, dates, awards etc.

Channelize your Preparation Accordingly

All the competitive exams are not same, as all of them have different pattern, even when it comes to the same topic as ‘Current Affairs’ or ‘GK’. For example for civil services exam, you need to give importance on events of National value. On the other scenario, in matter of bank job exam, the focus should be on the news on banking sectors, and economic and business news.

Thus I’ll suggest you to prepare as per the exams you are appearing for, as channelizing your preparation according to the pattern of the exam will accelerate your chance of getting selected.

Use Internet Resources

Google, YouTube and Wikipedia are my favorite teachers’; one of my friends told me this once. This is quite true indeed, so you should use all the available online resources to study current affairs and GK for exams. For example this blog is all about “Current Affairs”, so you can check this blog regularly by subscribing to us (check the sidebar for subscription options). You can actively take part some forums that are focusing on current events. The good part is you can follow the websites of all leadingnewspapers online if you don’t have enough time to read newspapers.

Use Social Networking Sites for Good

Believe me or not you can surely use social networking sites to your benefits. Especially to prepare current affairs and General knowledge Facebook, Twitter, LinkedIn and StumbleUpon may help you a lot. You can join some Facebook pages, or follow some twitter accounts that are related to current affairs. You can join our Facebook Page too for this matter, or connect with me at LinkedIn or circle me in Google Plus for all the information on recent happenings to boost up your General Knowledgeability.

Give Priority to your Strength

We usually find difficulties when we try to learn everything at once. In that process basically we study a lot, but remember a little. We need to first select our strength areas for our preparation. Try to givepriority to your strength areas. It may be Sports, economy, Government Affairs or technology. Suppose you are applying for Bank exams, then you should prepare industry related news. Along with that you may pick any 2-3 areas of your strength like sports or technology. You need to prepare these sections to the utmost level. I can assure you that these strategies will help you to score much better in Current Affairs section.

Participate in Online Quizzes

You should participate in some free quizzes that are available online to evaluate yourself. For this matter you can easily access our “Quiz Section”. This will give you proper idea whether you are ready for the big exam day or not. As an added factor it will also provide you confidence i.e. very much essential. You can download Monthly-wise current affairs questions from Here.